The political, scientific, historical, architectural and business centre of Russia, Moscow displays the country's contrasts at their most extreme. The ancient and modern exist side by side in this city of 10 million. Catch a metro from one of the ornate stations to see Red Square, the Kremlin, the nine domes of St Basil's Cathedral, Lenin's Mausoleum, the KGB Museum and other symbols of Moscow's great and terrible past, then lighten up and go shopping in Boulevard Ring, or people-watch in Pushkin Square.

Red Square and Kremlin are historic sites in Moscow not to be missed. After a day of cultural exploration, head over to the famous Gorky Park, which in the winter has beautiful ice sculptures and in the summer turns into an amusement park with rides and concerts.